Tuzla City, Bosnia and Herzegovina
History of Tuzla City
Tuzla is one of the oldest settlements in Europe with continuity of living. In Tuzla, It has been found the oldest lake settlement in Europe, dating from the Neolithic (New Stone Age), unlike other found lake-dwelling communities in Europe that are dating from the Iron Age. In Tuzla has found a large number of objects from the Neolithic period, where a special place takes a container for salting-out, ie. containers for salt production from brine.
These archeological finds confirm that even Neolithic settlers in this area have been exploited saline sources. Oldest European cultures used salt, dated to the Copper Age, which means that the Neolithic located in Tuzla prove that the knowledge and the use of salt in the human diet dating from Neolithic period.
It should be noted that the Neolithic settlement found in the center of today’s city of Tuzla, which is a unique case and the evidence that the settlement was the beginning of the continuity of life in the area of today’s city, through all historical periods, from the Neolithic period to the present.
Salt production and revenues from it were a key factor in establishing Tuzla as a small town. Organized production and sale of salt come from bath salt wells in today Salt Square 1476th and declaring Tuzla “imperial property”, in 1477. Method of production of salt can be seen from the very names of salt pans from that period and the arrival of the Ottomans: Solana on wood, (Agac Tuzla, Memleha-and cob), which emphasizes the difference between these and the salt pans.
One of the main goals of the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the Austro-Hungarian Empire was the exploitation of natural resources, among them a special place was toked by the Tuzla’s Salt . The first Salt Factory, built in the suburb of Tuzla, in Simin Han, in 1885, represented the beginning of the industrial salt production in Tuzla.
Soon after came the beginning of subsidence as a result of uncontrolled leaching of brine from salt rocks, on which is located the city. Subsidence will experience a peak of 70’s of the last century, when the city lost several thousands of residential, commercial and cultural facilities. Salt is the fate that built Tuzla City and tore It down, and culturally determined in its uniqueness.
Tuzla City Nowadays
Tuzla is located in the northeastern part of Bosnia, settled just underneath the Majevica mountain range, on the Jala River. The central zone lies in an east-west oriented plain, with residential areas in the north and south of the city located on the Ilinčica, Kicelj and Gradina Hills. It is 237 metres (778 feet) above sea level.
The climate is moderate continental. There are abundant coal deposits in the region around Tuzla. 6 coal mines continue to operate around the city. Much of the coal mined in the area is used to power the Tuzla Power Plant, which is the largest power plant in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is 3rd Biggest City in Bosnia and Herzegovina with population about 120 000 Citizens, and is a Capital of Tuzla Canton.
Tuzla is well connected from the South and not so well from North or East. Buses operates regularly to and from most surrounding Big Cities such as Sarajevo, Zagreb, Belgrade, Doboj etc. In the City itself, transportation is well organised. Buses operates very often and It is easy to get from one part of City to another. Taxi companies are also very well organised. City and Taxi transportation are main transport solutions in City. See more here about Tuzla City Bus and Tuzla City Taxi .
Although Tuzla has a train station, trains run only twice daily to Doboj, twice to Brcko, once to Vinkovci in Croatia and one a day to Bos. Bijela. Rail infrastructure was heavily damaged in the recent conflict in Bosnia and Hercegovina in the 1990s and services (whilst starting to return to pre-war levels) are slow and often infrequent.
Tuzla is becoming very well connected in air traffic too. Tuzla International Airport is not in Tuzla proper, but in Town of Dubrave , which is 12 km from Tuzla City Downtown. Thanks to the Wizzair, Hungarian, low-cost Airline, Tuzla is connected with more than 17 destinations all over the Europe , and it become very easy and cheap to take a trip to Tuzla City.Find here more information about Tuzla International Airport Flights schedule and Tuzla Airport Transfer
A few places are MUST SEE if You are planning Your trip to Tuzla City. There are places such as Tuzla Freedom – Liberty Square, Tuzla City Fountain, Salt Lakes in Tuzla City, Bistarac Lake in Tuzla, Salt Bath Park, Salt Square etc. More information find here about Tuzla City Attractions.